About Governorate

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Hebron
The city of Hebron,  latitude 31.31° North and longitude 35.8° East, is 36 kilometers south of Jerusalem. The city is one of the oldest cities in the world, originally built on a hill northwest of the town proper. Hebron is at a crossroads between the Levant and Egypt across Sinai. It was also linked to East Jordan through the Carmel - Ein Gedi - Dead Sea Fords.

Population: According to the 2012 figures of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the population of Hebron was 641.170 people; 85.33% of total population live in urban areas, 12.05% in rural areas, and 2.6% in refugee camps.

The Name of the City
Hebron was named after the Prophet Abraham, nicknamed Khalil Al-Rahman, who arrived at Hebron six thousand years ago. The city then became home for Assyrians, Babylonians, Chaldeans and the Hyksos people. However, it was the Arab Canaanites who were credited with building most of the ancient monuments. The  Canaanites named the city after their leader 'Arba'. In ancient times, people would refer to the city using different names, namely the City of Abraham and the City of Vines.

Topography of the City
Hebron is largely mountainous, with  some areas rising 1032 meters above sea level. The Hebron mountain chain is the largest in Palestine, stretching from the Hebron mainland in the east to the Palestinian coast in the west, and Beit Ummar in the north to Al-Thahiriya in the south. Hebron mounts feature terrain diversity: ranging from flat to rugged to steep, in addition to some plateaus and hills in the west of Hebron. The location of the Hebron governorate was probably the reason behind this diversity. In the east of the governorate, the Dead Sea terrain is made up of arid rocky valleys with no significant plant life save for little grass and shrubs, while the west features cliffs,  grassy hills and some narrow meadows. Hebron mountains range in altitude from 300 meters in the west (in Beit Jibreen and Thikrien) to 1000 meters in the center (Halhoul and Shoyoukh).

Hebron Climate
Hebron has a Mediterranean climate characterized by cool seasons (with an average of 21° C in the summer months  and 7° C in the rainy months). The average annual rainfall is 589 millimeters, usually brought about by cold fronts coming from Cyprus and Europe. Snow is common in the mountains when cold fronts arrive from the north polar, especially in February and March.


Towns and villages of the governorate

The are dozens of towns, villages and hamlets surrounding the city, namely:

Yatta

Doura

Thahiriya

Halhoul

Ajour

Dawaymi

Beit Jebreen

Idna

Bani Neim

Beit Nateef

Sa'eer

Thekrein

Tarqoumia

Samou'

Soureef

Beit Kahal

Tel Safi

Beit Ummar

Beit Oula

Jala

Arroub

Zeita

Kharas

Kidna

Edeisa

Beit Enoun

Beit Awa

Qobayba

Deir Daban

Rehhiya

Zakaria

Shoyoukh

Beit Omra

Ra'na

Maghlas

Deir Nakhas

Kweizba

Mo'een

Al-Karmel

Tafouh

Jab'a

Rafat

Al-Koum

Fawar

Deir Samet

Jabaliya

Safa

Beit Marsam

Um Burj

Beit Roush Al-tahta

Beit Roush Al-olya

Nouba

Khirbat Aziz

Khirbat Al-sikka

Khirbat Al-alaqa

Khirbat Karma

Khirbat Burj

Khirbat Al-majd

Khirbat Abdo

Khirbat Kharsa

Khirbat Karza

Khirbat Mouraq

Khirbat Imreesh

Khirbat Al-Hadab

Khirbat Rabour

Khirbat Al-sima

Khirbat Souba

Khirbat Al-Hijra

Khirbat Deir Razeh

Khirbat Tarama

Khirbat Al-Sahri

Khirbat She'b Abu Khamis

Khirbat Al-alaqa Al-tahta

Khirbat Al-alaqa Al-fouqa



 

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