The city of Hebron,  latitude 31.31° North and longitude 35.8° East, is 36 kilometers south of Jerusalem. The city is one of the oldest cities in the world, originally built on a hill northwest of the town proper. Hebron is at a crossroads between the Levant and Egypt across Sinai. It was also linked to East Jordan through the Carmel - Ein Gedi - Dead Sea Fords.

Population: According to the 2012 figures of the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the population of Hebron was 641.170 people; 85.33% of total population live in urban areas, 12.05% in rural areas, and 2.6% in refugee camps.

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